Sudden, unnatural, violent or unexplained deaths have to be reported to the Coroner. Doctors, funeral undertakers, the Register of Deaths, any householder and every person in charge of an institution or premises where the person who died was residing at the time of death have to inform the Coroner. Deaths are reported to the Coroner under the Coroners Act, 1962 -2019 (rules of law); in addition, there are local rules which require that other deaths must be reported (rules of practice).
1. Any death that may be murder, manslaughter or infanticide.
2. Any death that appears to be connected with a crime or suspected crime.
3. Any death, whether or not accidental, caused wholly or partly by stabbing, drowning, poisoning, hanging, electrocution, asphyxia or a gunshot wound
4. Any death where the deceased person is dead on arrival at a hospital.
5. Any death which may be by suicide.
6. Any death where the body of the deceased person is unidentified.
7. Any death where no family member of the deceased person can be traced within a reasonable time of the death.
8. Any death where the body of the deceased person is found or recovered in circumstances that indicate that the death may have occurred a considerable period of time previously.
9. Any death (other than in circumstances to which paragraph 8 applies) in respect of which the date of death may not be ascertainable.
10. Any death caused wholly or partly by any of the following:
(a) an incident, whether or not accidental, resulting in any
physical injury, including a cut, fracture or contusion;
(b) a fall;
(d) an eating disorder;
(e) exposure or hypothermia;
11. Any death which may be by assisted suicide.
12. Any death caused wholly or partly by any of the following:
(a) an accident arising out of the use of a vehicle in a public place;
(b) an incident occurring on a railway;
(c) an incident arising on a train, aircraft, ship or other vessel.
13. Any death caused wholly or partly by any of the following:
(a) a notifiable disease or condition that is, under provisions in that behalf in any other enactment, required to be notified to a Minister of the Government, a Department of State or a statutory body or to an inspector or other officer of a Minister of the Government, a Department of State or a statutory body;
(b) an adverse reaction to any drug;
(c) a drugs overdose or the presence of toxic substances;
(d) in the case of an infant death, maternal drug addiction;
(e) an infection contracted as a result of previously contaminated blood product administration;
(f) a lack of care or neglect;
(g) starvation or malnutrition.
14. Any death which may be due to a prion disease.
15. Any death caused wholly or partly by an accident at work or due to industrial or occupational injury or disease.
16. Any death occurring in a hospital or other health institution—
(a) that is unexpected,
(b) within 24 hours of presentation or admission, whichever is the later, or
(c) of a person transferred from a nursing home.
17. Any maternal death or late maternal death.
18. Any death of a stillborn child, death intrapartum or infant death.
19. Any death occurring in a hospital or other health institution that is directly or indirectly related to a surgical operation or anaesthesia (including recovery from the effects of anaesthesia) or to any other medical, surgical or dental procedure, regardless of the length of time between the procedure and death.
20. Any death which may be due to any healthcare acquired infection.
21. Any death where an allegation is made or a concern has been expressed regarding the medical treatment provided to the deceased person or the management of his or her healthcare.
22. Any death which may be as a result of an unconventional medical procedure or treatment.
23. Any death occurring in—
(a) an institution for the care and treatment of persons with a physical or mental disability, or
(b) any public or private institution for the care of elderly or infirm persons, including a nursing home.
24. Any death where the deceased person was at the time of his or her death, or immediately before his or her death, in State custody or detention.
25. Any death of a child in care.